Will You be Responsible for Your Parent’s Debt? It Depends
Kids know their parents all too well. So when your questions about credit card debt go unanswered, or if you get a vague “don’t worry, it’s nothing” answer, you may be right to be concerned. It’s not unusual for adult children to discover sizable credit card debt after their parents pass.
Kiplinger’s recent article, “Dealing With Debts After Death,” says that in one instance, an elderly father used the credit cards to help pay for his late wife's time in an expensive nursing home.
In most instances under Florida Law, the child won’t be responsible for the debts of the parent.
With more seniors piling up debt, many children ask what happens to their unpaid bills when they die. Seniors have been taking on more debt in the last two decades. From 1989 to 2013, the Federal Reserve's latest Survey of Consumer Finances says that debt loads nearly doubled for households headed by older people, from 21% to about 41%. Children sometimes discover a deceased parent's unknown debts. They are also worried they've inherited them.
Some debts aren’t clear, like tax obligations that can impact an inheritance.
Typically, when a person dies, his or her estate owes the debt. Their estate’s assets are used to repay the debt. That will eat into the amount left for the heirs. If there's not enough money to cover it, the debt goes unpaid. As far as unsecured credit card debt, children typically don't inherit a parent's unpaid balance, regardless of the amount or purpose of the spending. But a child who’s a joint holder on the credit card may be liable. For this reason, it is imperative to speak to a Probate Attorney as soon as possible after a loved one has passed away.
Retirement plans with a named beneficiary, such as a child, can't be reached by creditors of the deceased. However, if the deceased parent named the estate as the beneficiary of an IRA or 401(k), creditors have access to it to collect the late parent's debts. This is a horrible result not only for asset protection purposes, but also for income tax purposes.
For a parent's federal student loan or Parent Plus loan, the outstanding debt is canceled upon death. However, the Education Department recently has required the borrower's estate to pay taxes on the forgiven debt.
What if your parents owned a home and there is still a mortgage on the property? If you want to keep the house, one option is to contact the lender and try to take over the payments. Another is to sell the house and pay off the mortgage. If the house is underwater—that is, worth less than the amount of the mortgage—the creditor holds the debt, not the heir. An estate planning attorney like DANIEL T. FLEISCHER will be able to help your family navigate this part of the estate.
Do you live in Miami-Dade, Broward, or Palm Beach counties in Florida? Laws are constantly changing-- has your estate plan been reviewed in the last 2-3 years? Call me (954-888-1747) right away for peace of mind. I can help!
- My practice is exclusively estate planning and probate,
- I have prepared numerous estate plans in 16 years of practice,
- I have administered estates and trusts through Probate all over Florida,
- I am a Certified Financial Planner Professional™, and
- I am here for YOU today and there for your FAMILY tomorrow.
Reference: Kiplinger (April 2017) “Dealing with Debts After Death”